The word Islam means 'submission to the will of God'. Islam is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion followers.
Friday, April 8, 2011
ZIKIR REMEMBRANCE ALLAH
There are a number of hadiths which are directly relevent to the methods of dhikr used by various Sufi turuq. I have grouped them below, under the titles "Posture is Irrelevent to Dhikr," "Dhikr in Assembly and in a Circle," "Dhikr Saying `La ilaha illa Allah,'" "Dhikr by saying `Allah,'" and "No Limits to doing Dhikr."
Posture is Irrelevent to Dhikr
The Qur'an says in meaning:
Lo! In the creation of the Heavens and the earth and in the night and day are tokens (of His sovereignty) for men of understanding, such as remember Allah, in standing, sitting, and reclining. [Qur'an 3:190-191]
What this part of the Qur'an establishes is that posture is not important in performing dhikr - standing, sitting, or reclining. Presumably other postures are also okay, so criticisms about posture during dhikr is irrelevent.
Dhikr in Assembly and in a Circle
The following ahadith is about those Sahaba who did dhikr in assembly and in a circle, and were praised by Rasulullah (s.a.w.) for it:
Hadhrat Abu Sa`eed Khudri relates that once Hadhrat Mu`awiyah visited the mosque and saw a circle (of reciters). He asked,
"What has made you sit?"
They said, "We have assembled here to remember Allah."
He [Mu`awiyah] said, "By Allah you did not sit except for this purpose?"
They affirmed, "We did not sit except for this."
Hadhrat Mu`awiyah then told them, "I did not ask you to swear on account of any malice. None of you can match me for scanty narration of the Prophet (s.a.w.) (and as such have narrated very few traditions about him). The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) once visited a gathering of his companions and inquired,
`What has made you assemble here?'
They answered, `We have gathered to remember Allah and praise Him for having led us to Islam and granted this favour to us.'
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) inquired, `Do you affirm by Allah that it is so?'
The Holy Prophet's Companions affirmed, `By Allah we are sitting here for this purpose only.'
He [the Prophet s.a.w.] said, `I have not put you on oath on account of any doubt, but angel Jibreel had visited me and told me that Allah felt proud of you among the angels.'"
[From Sahih Muslim, and also in the Riyadh us-Saliheen of Imam Nawawi.]
Here is another hadith, which shows the benefit of doing dhikr in assembly.
Ibn `Umar reported, "The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, `When you pass by a garden of paradise, avail yourselves of it.' The Companions asked, `What are the gardens of Paradise, O Messenger of Allah?" The Prophet, peace be upon him, replied, `The assemblies of dhikr. There are some angels of Allah who go about looking for such assemblies of dhikr, and when they find them they surround them.'"
[Quoted from Fiqh us-Sunnah compiled by As-Sayyid Sabiq, vol. 4, ch. 6.]
There is also this important hadith about dhikr in general, and dhikr in an assembly:
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said that the Prophet (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: Allah the Almighty says:
I am as My servant thinks I am. I am with him when he makes mention of Me. If he makes mention of Me to himself, I make mention of him to Myself; and if he makes mention of Me in an assembly, I make mention of him in an assembly better than it. And if he draws near to Me a hand's span, I draw near to him an arm's length; and if he draws near to Me an arm's length, I draw near to him a fathom's length. And if he comes to Me walking, I go to him at speed.
[It was related by al-Bukhari, and also by Muslim, at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah. From "Forty Hadith Qudsi," selected and translated by Ezzeddin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson-Davies (Dar Al-Koran Al-Kareem, Lebanon, 1980), hadith no. 15.]
Doing Dhikr by saying "La ilaha illa Allah"
One of the ways of doing dhikr is by saying "La ilaha illa Allah." Here are some hadiths which mention this....
Hazrat Jabir relates that he heard the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) having said:
"The best remembrance of Allah is `La ilaha illa Allah.'"
[From Tirmidhi, also related in the Riyadh us-Saliheen of Imam Nawawi]
Another hadith about saying `La ilaha illa Allah' for dhikr is this....
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, "Renew your faith." "How can we renew our faith?" they asked. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, "Say always, `La ilaha illa Allah'."
[From Ahmad, with a sound isnad. Quoted in Fiqh us-Sunnah compiled by as-Sayyid Sabiq, vol. 4, ch. 6.]
Doing Dhikr by saying "Allah"
Regarding using the names of Allah in dhikr, the hadith I am aware of at present regarding this topic is the following....
The Prophet said, "The Hour will not arise before `Allah, Allah' is no longer said on earth."
No Limits to doing Dhikr
Now, some criticize those on the Sufi path for doing too much dhikr. However, Ibn Abbas (r.a.) is related as having said there is no limit to dhikr.
The following quote I took from the book "Fiqh us-Sunnah" by as-Sayyid Sabiq. The saying of Ibn Abbas goes....
Ali b. Abi Talha relates that Ibn Abbas said, "All obligations imposed upon man by Allah are clearly marked and one is exempted from them in the presence of a genuine cause. The only exception is the obligatin of dhikr. Allah has set no specific limits for it, and under no circumstances is one allowed to be negligent of it. We are commanded to `remember Allah standing, sitting, and reclining on your sides,' [Qur'an 3:191] in the morning, during the day, at sea or on land, on journey or at home, in poverty and in prosperity, in sickness or in health, openly and secretly, and, in fact, at all times throughout one's life and in all circumstances."
Dhikr is a very blessed practice, praised in the Qur'an and hadiths.
May Allah help bring us satisfaction in our hearts through remembrance of Him.
Say: "Truly Allah leaves to stray whom He will, but He guides to Himself those who turn to Him in penitence -- Those who believe, and whose hearts find satisfaction in the remebrance of Allah, for without doubt in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find satisfaction. [Qur'an 13:27-28]
Al-Qur'an 33:56 instructs us to read Durood Shareef
Al-Qur'an 33:56 instructs us to read Durood Shareef
ALLAHUMMA SALLI WA SALLIM WA BARIK ALA SAYYIDINA WA MAULANA MUHAMMADENIL NABY IL UMME YE SALLALLAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM ADADA
KULLE ZARATIN WA ADADA KULLE SHAIEN WA ADADA MAFI ILMILLAHI SALATAN DAIMATAN BEDAWAME MULKILLAH WA ALFA ALFA ALFA MARRATIN WA
BARIK WA SALLI WA SALLIM TASLIMA. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- O' Allah shower blessings upon Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) our Master in the number that is in Thy knowledge, such that
those blessings may continue forever eternal as Thy Kingdom. O' Allah may Thy Benificence be upon the Beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and upon the house of the Beloved
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in a number equal to a Millionfold of each atom created by Thee and Thy Blessings and
Thy Peace be upon him'.
The following Durood Shareef is perhaps the ultimate in Duroods. We are requesting Allah Almighty to send blessings upon the
Beloved Prophet Muhammad Mustafa (Peace and Blessings of Allah Almighty be upon him) equivalent to every atom created by
Allah Almighty in the universe multiplied by a million times, Subhanallah. No computer in the world could cope with the
numbers, yet only Allah Almighty knows how many blessings this comes too.
In the eyes of Allah Almighty reading Durood Shareef is of paramount importance, otherwise Allah Almighty would not have
commanded us to do so, as is the case in this ayat above. When Allah Almighty Himself, alongwith His Angels is sending Durood
Shareef on the Beloved Prophet Muhammad Mustafa (Peace and Blessings of Allaha Almighty be upon him), then this is an
important duty on the UMMAH to do likewise i.e. to practice what Allah Almighty and His Angels are doing.
The message of Allah Ta'ala to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallim) has come down to us in the form of the
Holy Quran and the teachings of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallim) have reached us in the form of the
Ahadith. Let us see what both the Holy Quran and Ahadith say about Durood Shareef (Salawat):
Innal llaha wa Malaa'ikatahu Yu salluna allan nabiyi.
Ya Ayyuhal lazeena aamanu sallu alaihi wasallimu tasleema.
Almighty Allah says: "Surely Allah and His Angels send blessings on the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallim). O you
who believe! Send Blessings (Durood) and Salutations (Salaams) on the Prophet with worthy Salutation".(Surah al-Ahzab: 56)
In this verse of the Holy Quran, Almighty Allah, His Malaa'ikah and the Muslims have been mentioned as sending Durood upon
Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallim). So, Durood Shareef is actually "a Du'a in praise of the Holy Prophet
Muhammad (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallim)."
Hazrat Anas (radi Allahu anhu) narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallim) said: "He who reads a
single Durood upon me, Almighty Allah blesses him ten times, ten of his sins are forgiven, and he is increased ten times in
stages (internally). (Mishkaat)
Hazrat Abdullah ibn Ma'sud (radi Allahu anhu) also narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallim) said:
"On the Day of Qiyamah, the closest to me from among the people will be those who have read the most amount of Durood
Divine blessings on Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallim) is the highest and the most meritorious act in our
Deen. This "Divine Blessings" is called Durood Shareef.
Durood is a sure means of Allah Ta'ala granting blessings, peace, prosperity and favours of great magnitude on one who
recites Durood Shareef on the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallim). The reciter of Durood Shareef receives all the
benefits in this world and utmost gain in the next world with addition to the love of the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alaihi
The invocation of Blessings on the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alaihi Wasallim) is styled in Arabic as "Salawat", in Persian
as "Durood", and in Urdu as "Salawat-o-Salaam".
The special and exclusive aspect of this prayer is that Durood Shareef is immediately accepted by Allah Ta'ala. No one can
doubt its acceptance, as Durood Shareef is being recited by Allah Ta'ala too. Not only this, but He has revealed this secret
in the Holy Quran by saying:
Wara fa'na laka zikrah "Have I not exalted thy name."